What Is A Yogi? (And How Do I Become One)- Part Six: The Innermost Quest

The remaining limbs of yoga are more internal concepts. In a way, I like to think of the last four limbs as the final steps on the path of the inward journey of yoga and self-discovery. For me, they all sort of go together, so I thought I’d break them down one after another in a single post.

The fifth limb of yoga is Pratyahara which translates to the control of the senses. Basically, yogis are to practice gaining mastery over external influences. The purpose of this limb is to not be distracted from our journey inward by the material things around us. Instead, we should work toward withdrawing our energy from the senses. This does not mean that a yogi must physically withdraw from the world by hiding in a small white room to avoid all external influences. Pratyahara is the practice of being aware of the things happening around you (the sounds, the sights, the smells, the interactions with other people, etc.), but not reacting to them or allowing them to disturb you. We can still interact with the world around us, but pratyahara gives us the ability to let things sink in and allow for some time to choose how to respond or not respond rather than reacting instantly without thought or consideration of the repercussions. Not only is pratyahara helpful during meditation to keep you from reacting to everything happening around you, but it can also be used in asana. When you are in a particularly difficult pose and your mind starts racing: “Am I doing this pose correctly?” “What should I cook for dinner tonight?” “Is my belly hanging out of my shirt right now?” “Did I remember to DVR Girls?” You can use pratyahara to withdraw yourself and your energy from these external distractions, and focus on the pose and on your breath, bringing you back to the present moment.

(*Note: these last three limbs I’m about to cover are often discussed together and are often referred to as “the innermost quest.”)

The sixth limb of yoga is Dharana which translates to concentration, stillness of mind, and state of complete absorption. The seventh limb of yoga is Dhyana which translates to meditation or an uninterrupted flow of concentration. And the eighth and final limb of yoga is Samadhi which translates to enlightenment or super-consciousness, and it is the ultimate quest for a yogi to reach this state. When I first read about these three limbs, I felt super intimidated. As if these limbs were just something to read about and know about but not something that is ever attainable for me. I used to feel that way about meditation, too. That it wasn’t for me. That I’d never be able to do it. But it really doesn’t have to be intimidating at all. Like everything else, these are a practice. Something to keep coming back to. The more you learn and the more you practice, the more comfortable you will become.

For dharana, practice focusing on one activity or an object. Practice putting all of your attention on it, really focusing on it. If your mind starts to wander elsewhere, that’s okay. But when you notice it start to drift off, bring it back to your point of focus. That is the practice. This will get you prepared for dhyana, your meditation practice.

Dharana is about finding focus for a moment, and dhyana (meditation) is about discovering a constant flow of these focused moments. Again, this is a practice, and if you feel your mind start to drift off into thinking, recognize the thought, but don’t put any weight to it, and let it drift away. Come back to your focus. This, over and over again, is meditation. It’s unreasonable to believe that you can completely quiet the mind. But the more you practice not paying attention to your thoughts and coming back to your point of focus, maybe the amount of time between your thoughts becomes longer and more distinct. Maybe you begin to find more quiet moments and a glimmer of peace inside of yourself.

Finally, samadhi is the final destination for the yogi. Samadhi is the state of being completely present, completely aware of everything around you yet not paying attention to anything in particular. Just being. In the moment. Completely alive. Samadhi allows us to truly feel one with the universe. Some of us may spend an entire lifetime only experiencing one or two moments in this super-conscious state. But just knowing that it exists, and that it’s possible for you to feel that way is enough motivation to keep practicing.

Practicing yoga, in all of it’s forms, allows you to discover who you are at the deepest level, and it teaches you to be okay with it. It allows you to view the world as part of you and not an external place. It allows you to treat the people and the animals and the experiences in your life as part of yourself, because it allows you to understand that we are all one. Yoga is the union of all living creatures. Yoga is ethical disciplines, rules of conduct, physical postures, vital breath, control of the senses, concentration, meditation, and enlightenment. Yoga is life.

Before I wrap up this post, I wanted to leave you with a few tips for meditation. I would still consider myself a beginner at meditation, but here’s a little activity to get you started.

1. Find a quiet place with minimal distractions, and find a comfortable seat. Sit on a pillow or a blanket, and sit up tall, trying to keep your spine as straight as possible. Rest your hands on your lap.
2. Close your eyes and begin to breathe deeply. Work to match the length of your 
 exhales to the length of your inhales. In through the nose, out through the nose.
3. Begin counting your inhales. Try to focus only on the sound of your breath, and on 
 your inhale, count to yourself.
4. On the exhales, repeat a chosen mantra in your head. For example, I am worthy.
5. Start by counting up to 10, then back down to 1.
Example: Inhale (one), Exhale (I am worthy.), Inhale (two), Exhale (I am worthy.) etc.
6. Visually, as I’m counting and repeating my mantra, I like to imagine the ocean tide
 coming in as I inhale, and going out as I exhale.

Another idea is to focus on the word “Inhale” as you inhale and the word “Exhale” as you exhale. Or you could try a mantra on your inhale as well as your exhale rather than counting. For example, Inhale (I change my thoughts.), Exhale (I change my world.), repeat. And your mantra can be whatever you’d like. Whatever it is you need to hear and focus on in your life. Try one or all of these techniques. See what works best for you. Or look up guided meditations on YouTube. Just promise you’ll give it a try. I know it sounds intimidating, but meditating on a regular basis can seriously change your life and your relationship with yourself. Like I mentioned before, this is a practice, so if your mind starts to wander, notice the thought, and allow it to float away like a cloud in a sky or a leaf floating down a river. Then, come back to your counting, your mantra, and your breath. Don’t get frustrated with yourself. Be gentle. At the very least, you are committing to spending time on yourself and your health. What could be more important than that?

As always, if you have ANY questions at all or just want to say hi, please email me at nicol.eliz.yoga@gmail.com. I’d love to hear from you!

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What Is A Yogi? (And How Do I Become One)- Part Five: Pranayama

The fourth limb of yoga is Pranayama which translates to extension and control of breath. Prana means breath, respiration, life, vitality, wind, energy, and strength. Ayama means length, expansion, stretching or restraint. Essentially, pranayama is the rhythmic control of the breath. Slow, controlled breathing can strengthen the respiratory system, soothe the nervous system, and reduce craving. The goal of pranayama is to be able to control the senses and eventually reach a state of mindlessness.

Yogic breathing is generally inhaling through the nose and exhaling through the nose. Instead of sucking air up and in and blowing it back out, sometimes it’s helpful to think of an inhale as sipping air in slowly and deeply into the nose, letting the air travel down into the lungs and lower belly, filling up with air. On the exhale, you pull the belly in, drawing the air out of the stomach, up out of the lungs, and back up and out through the nose. So, the belly expands on the inhale and contracts up and in on the exhale. Now, there are several reasons to practice nostril breathing:

1. The nasal passages are naturally moist. Therefore, when inhaling through the nose, the air is moistened and better received by the bronchial passages and the lungs.

2. Inhaling through the nose gives the air a longer distance to travel to get to the lungs which begins to create heat, warming the air, better preparing it to enter the lungs.

3. Our nose hairs can cleanse the air we inhale, keeping any possible air borne particles from entering our lungs.

4. Exhaling through the nose allows us to retain the heat that was created by the inhale and further nourished in the lungs. This heat can then enter the blood cells in our nasal passages on the exhale and travel throughout our body to our muscles and tissues.

5. Breathing through the nose allows us to more easily slow, control, and elongate the breath, resulting in a deeper focus on our yoga asanas or meditation.

Before we talk about a few pranayama techniques, I want to briefly talk about how we can incorporate this practice daily and in harmony with our asana practice. As I mentioned in my post on asana, one of our focuses during practice is to marry the body with the breath. We inhale to expand and exhale to contract. As our body moves through the asanas, it’s important that our breath is moving right along with them. Without the breath, asana practice is simply aerobics. It’s the breath, along with the postures, that creates that yoga magic.

So, here are a few tips to help develop your pranayama practice. Keep in mind that this might take awhile to get a hold on. For me, I didn’t start breathing correctly until I had fully understood the physical postures. When I would practice in the beginning, it took all my concentration to focus on the poses, making sure they felt right and that I was following all the cues and in proper alignment. I always forgot my breath. But after time and lots of practice, I began to get in the groove and feel how breathing into the postures really can change the energy and the flow of it all in such a beautiful way. I also learned that if I am having trouble catching my breath or breathing deeply in a pose, I need to either slow down or back out of the pose a bit. Your breath should come first. Don’t worry if you’re not as deep in the pose as the pictures on Instagram show. Make sure you feel good in your body and that you are able to breathe. Deeply and easily. And you should never ever feel pain. Discomfort? Maybe. Muscles on fire? Absolutely. But never a pinching or sharp pain. That’s a sure way to know that you need to back off a bit. Speaking of discomfort though, pranayama is a great way to deal with that. Say you’re in a yoga pose that is challenging, and you are meant to hold the pose for awhile. You’re uncomfortable. Your muscles might be burning and shaking. Your body is transforming. One way for me to take my mind off the not-so-pleasant sensations is to focus on my breath. Try matching the length of your inhale to the length of your exhale. Focus on the sound of your breath. This really helps me quiet my mind, reduce stress, and drop into the moment. Truly feeling the power and grace of my body without panicking and giving up.

Let’s talk about a few specific pranayama techniques.

The first I’m going to talk about is a term that you might often hear in a public yoga class or yoga video, and this is Ujjayi (pronounced oo-ja-ee) or victorious breath. This is a very common pranayama technique to use during an energetic, powerful vinyasa flow practice. Ujjayi creates heat in the body, aerates the lungs, increases endurance, soothes nerves, and tones your entire system. This breath requires a slight restriction at the back of the throat during both the inhale and the exhale. It kind of sounds like ocean waves and is sometimes referred to as the Darth Vader breath. 🙂 This might take a while to practice, but once you get the hang of it, it’s a great breath to really bring you to the present moment, and the sound is something that is easy to focus on when you want to steady your mind.

Check out Yoga with Adriene’s instructional video for Ujjayi breath here!

The second technique that I really love is Nadi Shodhana or alternate nostril breathing. This pranayama technique is great for headaches, anxiety, and cleansing the sinuses. It’s also great for just a simple system reset for your energy channels and entire body. To practice this technique, you take your right hand and fold down all fingers but your thumb and your ring finger. Close your eyes if you wish, then plug your right nostril with your thumb, and take a deep inhale through your left nostril. Retain your breath at the top while you remove your thumb from the right side, and plug your left nostril with your ring finger. Exhale completely and with control out your right nostril. Inhale deeply into your right nostril. Retain the breath at the top while you switch your fingers (unplug the left and plug the right), then exhale completely out the left nostril. Inhale deeply through the left nostril, and repeat back and forth for as long as you wish. Next time you are feeling anxious and need to reset your busy mind, try some alternate nostril breathing. It really works!

The last pranayama technique I’m going to introduce is Kapalabhati or breath of fire. This is great for all sorts of things. It can improve digestion, invigorate the liver, spleen, and pancreas, and can create a feeling of exhilaration. Bonus: it’s also great for your abs! For this technique, you take a slow, deep inhale, followed by several vigorous rapid-fire exhales. During each exhale, you pull the belly in tight to the spine. This might take a while to coordinate, but after practice you’ll get the hang of it!

Check out my video on Alternate Nostril Breathing and Breath of Fire here!

Pranayama is a great companion to your asana practice, but it’s also a great practice on its own. I know for me, the more I practice yoga and focus on my breath, the more I am aware of it off my mat. I am aware if I begin to hold my breath or take shallow breaths in stressful situations. I take notice, and begin to take deeper breaths, calming my mind and soothing my nerves. It’s a great tool for anxiety, anger, or just when you’re feeling super down. And the best part about it is that it can be practiced anywhere at anytime, so give it a try. And be patient, because it might not come naturally to you right away. That’s why they call it a practice. 🙂

Stay tuned for the next post on the fifth limb of yoga, Pratyahara. Also, if you have ANY questions at all, please email me at nicol.eliz.yoga@gmail.com. I’d love to hear from you!

Note: my study of this limb of yoga came from Light on Yoga by B.K.S. Iyengar.

What Is A Yogi? (And How Do I Become One)- Part Four: Asana

The third limb of yoga is Asana which translates to posture. This is what most people think of when they hear the word yoga. Basically, asanas are what you see all over my (and many others) Instagram. 🙂  So, asana is the physical practice of yoga. The purpose of these postures is to build a steadiness of body and mind, and they are known to develop agility, balance, endurance and vitality in the body. One of the best things about yoga asana is that you don’t really need anything to practice it. It’s a great physical activity that can be done anywhere at anytime, no equipment needed. A yoga mat can be helpful, but it is not necessary. And the only weights needed are the weight of your own limbs, which also reduces risk of injury.

Yoga asana has been developed and tweaked for centuries resulting in an array of postures that will work every muscle, nerve and gland in the body. Yoga asanas are not meant just to build muscle or lose weight, they can also increase flexibility, reduce fatigue, soothe the nervous system, activate digestion, and maybe most importantly, they can discipline the mind. This may be what sets yoga apart from other physical activities. Yogis absolutely don’t ignore the body, but they tend to put more importance on the mind, the senses, the intellect, and the soul. But they use the body to access and discipline these parts of themselves. The goal of yoga asana is to conquer the body in order to make it a “fit vehicle” for the soul, and to maintain a healthy body so as to live out their true purpose for being on this Earth.

The more you practice yoga, the more postures you will learn, and you will begin to realize that a lot of yoga postures are named after animals. This was not a coincidence. The names of all the asanas are very significant and have a purpose. You will notice that the postures are named after all kinds of living things. Plants, insects, sea creatures, birds, mammals, amphibians. Some postures are even named after legendary heroes. The postures often resemble the animal of which they are named, but also the purpose for these types of names is to reiterate the idea that a yogi should not despise any creature. So, when a yogi is in a posture, for example, scorpion, she is in a way transforming herself and her body into that creature, and she is reminded that she and scorpions are one in the same. We all share the same universal spirit, which brings us back to ahimsa (non-violence in thought, word, or deed toward any living creature). The yogi “finds unity in universality.” (Light on Yoga). Translation: same same, but different. 🙂 (And if any of that is too far-fetched for you, that’s okay, too. Take what works for you and leave what doesn’t. I encourage you to keep an open mind, but it’s also okay to just see the name of a pose as the name of a pose, and leave it at that. Don’t let some of the spiritual talk dissuade you from a yoga practice. Yoga is whatever you want it to be.) In short, the body is used for a vehicle of change, helping to develop discipline of the mind assisting the yogi in following the yamas and niyamas.

As part of this introduction to yoga asana, I thought I’d break down a sequence of postures. The first sequence I’ve ever practiced personally was Sun Salutation A, so I thought that’d be a perfect place to start. Sun Salutations are an energizing sequence of poses that activate all muscle groups of the body. They are sometimes referred to as the “cardio of yoga,” and they are very focused on the body/breath relationship, so each posture of this sequence coordinates with either an inhale or an exhale. Sun Salutations were originally meant as a sort of worship of the sun. Ancient yogis believed that the sun from the sky is deeply connected to our inner sun or our spiritual heart. So, this sequence was created as a form of gratitude, and it’s a great way to start your day or warm up for any type of exercise, reminding you to stay grateful throughout your day and your life.

So, let’s get started and practice some yoga! I’m going to break down each posture, showing modifications for beginners and certain areas of the body to focus on, then we will combine them all into the full sequence. (You’ll notice that the postures all have an English name with their Sanskrit name in parentheses. The more you practice, the more you will become familiar with the Sanskrit terms, but for now, it’s totally fine to only learn the English names.)

1. Mountain Pose (Tadasana) – We will begin and end the sequence in this pose. It may look like you are just standing here, but your body should actually be very active. Root strongly into the balls and heels of your feet; your toes can be light. Once you get your balance down a bit, you should be able to lift all ten toes from the mat. Activate your legs, squeezing all the muscles. Tuck your tailbone towards the ground so that your pelvis is directly under your center. Suck your belly up and in towards your spine. Your arms can be down at your sides, with the palms facing the front of the room, or your palms can be pressed together in prayer position at your heart. Your shoulder blades should be relaxed down your back, so squeeze your shoulders up to your ears, roll them back and down, squeezing your shoulder blades together. This allows your chest to be open, with your collar bone shining up and out. Make sure to stand super tall with the crown of your head reaching toward the ceiling. Relax the muscles of your face and jaw. Overall, the back of your body should be grounding down while the front of your body is lifting toward the sky. This is mountain pose.

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2. Upward Salute (Urdhva Hastasana): INHALE – Reach your arms to the sky, and bring your palms to touch over head. Look up toward your hands. You might take a slight backbend here (as shown in the 2nd picture below  – this is not necessary if it doesn’t feel good in your body).

 

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3. Standing Forward Fold (Uttanasana): EXHALE – Dive forward, tracing your palms through your midline, bending your knees. Let your torso hang toward the floor. Your head and neck should be relaxed. Your knees can be bent as much as you need to be comfortable. Your hands can rest gently on the mat or wherever they are the most comfortable.

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Beginner Option – Bend knees generously. Rest your belly on the tops of your thighs.
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More Advanced Option – Straighten legs without locking your knees. Pull yourself closer to your legs by wrapping hands to the back of the ankles.

4. Halfway Lift (Ardha Uttanasana): INHALE – Straighten your spine by reaching the crown of your head toward the front of the room, gazing straight down at the floor. The line from the crown of your head to the tip of your tailbone should be very straight here. Your belly should be sucked up and in to support your lower back. Hands can be on the thighs, shins, or mat here, whatever feels best for you. Your shoulder blades should be squeezing together, almost as if you are trying to pull your chest forward. Straighten your legs, but keep your knees soft, and shine your tailbone toward the back of the room.

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*EXHALE – plant your palms on the mat on the outside of your feet. *

5. Plank Pose (Kumbhakasana): INHALE – Step (or hop) back into a plank pose or the top of a push-up. Your entire body should be strong and activated here. Your shoulders should be directly over your wrists. Don’t let your body sink into your bones here. Press up and out of your hands. Shoulder blades should be wide. Gaze straight down. Belly sucked up and into the spine. Tailbone should be tucked toward the heels (we don’t want the back to be arched here). Leg muscles activated. Heels should be reaching toward the back of the room. (If this pose is too much, you can come down to the knees.)

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6. Lower to belly or Low Pushup (Chaturanga Dandasana): EXHALE – The traditional pose here is to lower into a low push-up or chaturanga. However, this takes strength and you will most likely have to build up to it. Options for beginners are to lower slowly all the way to the belly or to lower your knees for a modified chaturanga.

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Lower all the way to the belly, flipping your toes so that you are resting on the tops of your feet.
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Chaturanga. You will shift your body slightly forward so that your shoulders are a couple inches in front of your wrists. As you slowly lower down, keep a straight spine as you squeeze your elbows in toward each other so that your inner arms graze your rib cage. You will stop and hover when you have lowered half-way down. The line between your shoulders and elbows should be parallel to the floor, and your elbows should be bent at a 90 degree angle.

7. Cobra (Bhujangasana) or Upward-Facing Dog (Urdhva Mukha Svanasana): INHALE – The traditional pose here is upward-facing dog. However, if you are lowering to the belly, you will transition into baby cobra or cobra. If you are doing chaturanga, you will pull the chest through and flip the toes for upward-facing dog.

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Baby cobra. Press your palms into the mat and take a very gently backbend here. Keep your gaze down to keep a neutral neck. Press the pelvis and the tops of the feet into the mat.
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Cobra. Press into your palms until your arms are more fully extended. This will be a little bit of a deeper backbend. Gaze can be forward here. Tailbone should be tucked toward the heels, with the pelvis pressing down into the mat. Try to press the pelvis down without clenching the butt muscles. Press the top of the feet down into the matt.
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Upward-Facing Dog. Press strongly into the palms and tops of the feet so that your thighs and shins lift off the ground. Your leg muscles should be strongly engaged here. Your shoulders should be directly over your wrists. Chest open. Your gaze can be forward or straight up if it’s okay on your neck.

8. Downward-Facing Dog (Adho Mukha Svanasana): EXHALE– If you are in baby cobra or cobra, you are going to release back onto your belly, push up to your hands and knees (tabletop position) and lift your hips up and back into downward-facing dog. If you are in upward-facing dog, you will use your core to press into the palms, roll over the toes, and lift your hips up and back into downward-facing dog.

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For beginners, you will most likely need to keep the knees bent and the heels raised. It’s important to keep the spine strong and as straight as possible with the tailbone tilting toward the ceiling. The head should be relaxed, gaze should be between the toes. Pressing out of the palms here. The shoulders should be rolling away from the ears. Belly should be sucked up and in, and the toes can point slightly inward toward each other. This will encourage the inner thighs to rotate in and upward toward the ceiling.
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Eventually, you can work toward straightening the legs and resting your heels on the mat. (Don’t worry if your downward dog doesn’t look like this right away. This pose takes awhile to feel comfortable. Practice practice practice. For me, it helped to take pictures or videos of myself in these poses to see what my alignment looked like, then I would adjust accordingly. Don’t get frustrated. It’s called a yoga “practice” for a reason. 🙂 )

*Stay in downward-facing dog for 3-5 full breaths, then look forward and step to your hands. (If it takes more than one step, that’s totally okay.)

9. Halfway Lift (Ardha Uttanasana): INHALE
10. Standing Forward Fold (Uttanasana): EXHALE
11. Upward Salute (Urdhva Hastasana): INHALE
12. Mountain Pose (Tadasana): EXHALE – Bring your hands to your heart, and prepare to do the sequence again. 🙂

Below, I’ve posted a YouTube link to a short video where I go through the above postures. I go through the entire sequence four times, each time showing different options moving from beginner to more advanced. Feel free to stick with whatever options work best for you throughout the entire video (lower to belly rather than chaturanga and/or cobra instead of upward-facing dog). And always, always listen to your body. If a pose is hurting you, back off a bit. Also, please keep in mind that this is my first attempt at an instructional video and my first ever voice over, so I apologize for any bumps along the way. Practice makes progress. For all of us. 🙂 I plan on making a lot more instructional videos in the future, so if you have any video requests, send me an email!

Sun Salutation A (click the link to view the video on YouTube. I apologize for the not-so-great video quality. Still learning. 🙂 Any feedback is very much appreciated!)

Thank you so much for reading and for practicing with me. As always, please email me if you have ANY questions regarding asanas in general or any of the poses I’ve gone over today (nicol.eliz.yoga@gmail.com). I hope you enjoy the video, and I hope you get something out of it! If you share any yoga pictures or videos on Instagram or Facebook, use the hashtag #NamasteWithNicky so we can all share our yoga journey together! Above all, never EVER compare your yoga journey to anyone else’s. We all have different bodies, so our yoga is going to look different. We’re also all on different points in our journey. But no matter where you are today, yoga is there to meet you. And so am I! So please reach out. I would love to help you ease into this practice. It has changed my life, and I want to help you discover that same type of change.

Stay tuned for my next post on the fourth limb of yoga, Pranayama.

Namaste, my friends!

What Is A Yogi? (And How Do I Become One)- Part Three: Niyamas

The second limb of yoga is Niyama. Niyamas are rules of conduct as they apply to the individual. So, unlike the yamas which focus on your relationship with the people around you, the niyamas focus on your relationship with yourself.

The five niyamas are:

1. Saucha (purity)
2. Santosa (contentment)
3. Tapas (ardor/austerity)
4. Svadhyaya (study of the self)
5. Isvara Pranidhana (dedication to the Lord)

Let’s jump right in!

1. Saucha translates to purity. It is said that purity of the body, mind, and intellect is essential for our well-being. For the physical body, this means that we need to not only cleanse ourselves literally and engage in good hygiene, but we also need to remain physically active. Our asanas (yoga postures) can be a great way to keep our bodies pure. Another way is through the food we eat. We should not eat too much or too little food, and we should choose foods that are simple and nourishing that soothe our bodies. According to B.K.S. Iyengar (Light on Yoga), we eat in order to promote health, strength, energy, and life, and our food choices should reflect this. When it comes to purity of the mind and intellect, we can use the asanas, pranayama (breath work), and meditation. These can be used to cleanse our insides and can bring benevolence and banish pain, sorrow, and despair, resulting in the ability for us to see the good in others rather than their faults. When we respect our body by keeping it pure on the inside as well as the outside, it also allows us to see the good in ourselves.

2. Santosa translates to contentment. Iyengar says “a mind that is not content cannot concentrate.” (Light on Yoga) A yogi should not desire for anything and should be content with what they already have, so that they can focus on the task at hand: achieving inner peace and happiness. Just like anything else, contentment is a state of mind, so we can work towards feeling content no matter where we are in our lives and no matter how much we have. Yogis should feel the lack of nothing, because everything they already have is everything they need. I like to think of it on a moment to moment basis. Think about it. Right now, in this exact moment, do you have everything it is you need to go on living your life? Not in a few hours, not tomorrow, not next week or next year. Now. Right this moment. Do you have everything you need? You are alive. You are here. Be content. Because this moment that we are experiencing right now is all we will ever have, and you already possess everything you need.

3. Tapas translates to ardor and austerity. A burning desire and determination to achieve your goals in life no matter what. This requires self-discipline and is meant to build character and make the yogi strong and hard-working. However, we should be chasing these goals not for a selfish motive or in hopes of gaining some reward. Instead, we should hope to make the world a better place by living out our purpose for being here. There are three types of tapas: Kayika (body), Vachika (speech), and Manasika (mind). Tapas of the body include continence (brahmacharya) and non-violence (ahimsa). Tapas of the speech include using non-offensive words, being truthful (satya), and not speaking ill (gossiping) about others. Finally, tapas of the mind include remaining tranquil, not getting caught up on either joy or sorrow but balancing the two, and practicing self-control. Our goal in practicing tapas of the mind, speech, and body is to gain courage, wisdom, integrity, straightforwardness, and simplicity in our lives. It’s all about learning and practicing discipline.

4. Svadhyaya translates to study of the self. Iyengar talks about how education is the “drawing out of the best that is within a person.” (Light on Yoga) He goes on to discuss how different self-study is from other study because the teacher and the student, in this case, are one in the same. This makes it so much more complex, because as the student studies the book of her own life, she is simultaneously writing and revising it. So, there is a beginning, but there is no end. And the knowledge one gains from this study of the self is so much more important than any other type of study, because what you uncover here becomes a part of you and who you are, and can result in a change of your entire outlook on life. One realization that often comes out of this type of study is the idea that the energy that moves inside of you is the same energy that moves the entire universe, which could cause a shift in your behavior toward other people and the world. Also, study of the self can help the yogi understand how to deal with difficult life situations whenever they arise.

5. Isvara Pranidhana translates as dedication to the Lord. Yoga is not a religion itself, but it is sort of a science of religion, because an individual will be better able to understand her own religion and her faith, whatever that may be, by the study of yoga and all of its limbs. Just to clarify, the “Lord” here can be whatever higher power you believe in, and if you don’t believe in any higher power, then “Lord” here will translate to “the greater good.” You don’t need to be religious or have any type of faith to practice yoga. Everyone is welcome. Basically, when someone can no longer rely solely on her own resources, she often turns to the Lord (or the universe) for help. She gives up all of her external attachments and becomes dedicated to the Lord or the higher good of humanity. This niyama is often a destination point for yogis, and their hope is to reach a state of dedication where there is no longer the concept of “I” or “mine.” When a yogi reaches this stage, she is said to have reached full growth.

Think of the niyamas as a personal reminder to treat yourself with love and respect. 1. Be pure in your body and mind. Stay active, move your body, and use your breath to cleanse away any dirty energy you have stored in your body. Eat foods that nourish you and make you feel good from the inside out. 2. Learn to be content with what you have. Stop looking for more. You already have everything you need, and the universe already has a plan to give you more as needed. Trust in that. 3. Don’t let your inner fire ever burn out. Keep that burning desire to become everything you’ve ever dreamed of becoming. Develop self-discipline and work hard to reach your goals. 4. Spend some time studying yourself and using your study to change your mindset and become the best version of you there is. And 5. When you get to the point of a certain enlightenment, you will no longer live within the confines of your ego, and you will give yourself up to a higher good. This is a destination point, but just like everything else, yoga is about the journey, not the destination. In conclusion, together the yamas and niyamas help us to become better people. They keep us in harmony with the rest of the world, and they keep us in harmony with ourselves.

Stay tuned for the next post on the third limb of yoga, asana. Also, if you have ANY questions at all, please email me at nicol.eliz.yoga@gmail.com. I’d love to hear from you!

Note: my study of this limb of yoga came from Light on Yoga and The Tree of Yoga, both by B.K.S. Iyengar.

What Is A Yogi? (And How Do I Become One)- Part Two: Yamas

The first limb of yoga is Yamas. Yamas are universal moral commandments or ethical disciplines. B.K.S. Iyengar believed that if these yamas are not obeyed, chaos will ensue. They are also meant to transcend creed, country, age, and time. Translation: they’re for everyone.

The five yamas are:

1. Ahimsa (non-violence)
2. Satya (truth)
3. Asteya (non-stealing)
4. Brahmacharya (continence)
5. Aparigraha (non-coveting)

Let’s break these down, shall we?

1. Ahimsa (my personal favorite yama) translates to non-violence. Non-violence in actions, words, and thoughts. In other words, LOVE. A love that embraces all creation. Big or small.

Violence stems from fear, so in order to conquer violence and achieve ahimsa, one must conquer fear. To conquer fear, which of course is easier said than done, you must change your mindset. If you alter your outlook on life and realize that fear is solely a figment of your imagination, then you are on your way.

Ahimsa refers to all types of non-violence. One of which is non-violence towards living creatures. We must look upon all of creation with love, believing that every single creature on Earth has as much a right to be here as we do, while also believing that all living beings on Earth are connected in one way or another. Ahimsa is a major reason for many people to change their diet to a cruelty-free vegetarian or vegan diet. Personally, as a vegetarian, my reasoning for no longer eating meat stems from the idea that I do not want to play part in any violence towards other living creatures. I can live more at harmony with myself and who I am knowing that I am no longer contributing to something that I don’t believe in.

Ahimsa, of course, includes non-violence toward other people as well. This can be tricky for some, because when someone makes you angry, your first reaction may not be to engage in violent acts, but violent words and especially violent thoughts can be way more difficult to control. However, Iyengar lays it out in a way that makes it a little easier to imagine. Basically, opposition without love leads to violence. A yogi should oppose the evil in the wrong-doer; they should not oppose the wrong-doer himself. This way, the yogi can have love (aka non-violence) toward the wrong-doer while simultaneously opposing the evil that has been done.

The third type of non-violence may be both the most important and the most difficult. This is non-violence toward yourself. Trust me, I know how easy it is to speak badly of yourself. I know that it’s even easier to think negatively about yourself or your body. And unfortunately, I know that it’s sometimes even easy to be violent toward yourself in a more active way. This is where the practice comes in. For me, being non-violent toward other living creatures and other people comes pretty naturally. But being non-violent toward myself? That’s a different story. It will forever be a work in progress for me. A practice. The first step toward ahimsa in this case, is awareness. If you choose to practice non-violence toward yourself, if you are aware that this is something you are working on, you can begin to catch yourself. The next time you say something negative about your body, you will notice it. Don’t dwell on it; don’t get angry with yourself for saying these things. Just notice it. Notice how it makes you feel. Remember that this is not how you deserve to be treated. And let it go. Do better next time. The next time you have a negative thought about yourself, stop. Notice it. Apologize to yourself, and forgive yourself. Finally, if you catch yourself being negative in a more active manner by intentionally or unintentionally treating your body in a harmful way (this can come from overeating, harmful drugs, alcohol in large amounts, excessive exercise, other types of self-harm), take notice. And work harder to minimize these actions in your life. But most importantly, FORGIVE YOURSELF. (And please, if your self-harm becomes serious and hazardous to your health and well-being, seek help. You aren’t alone. And there is no shame in reaching out to someone who can guide you in the right direction toward recovery and peace.) Opposition without love leads to violence. You may not agree with what you are doing to yourself, but you MUST always love yourself. Oppose the evil in the wrong-doer, not the wrong-doer himself. In short, be kind to yourself. And when you’re not (because you’re human, and it happens), forgive yourself.

2. Satya translates to truth and is considered the highest rule of conduct. The meaning is pretty simple: be truthful. Be truthful in thought, word, and deed. Untruthful thought leads to untruthful speech, so basically practice thinking about what you say before you say it. Iyengar states that there are many sins of speech, including: abuse and obscenity, dealing in falsehoods, telling tales, and ridiculing what others find sacred. Your life should be based upon truth. Iyengar presents the equation: REALITY = LOVE + TRUTH. This is super powerful if you really think about it. Live your life in a truthful way and with lots of love. This is reality in its purest form. Isn’t that the kind of reality you would like to live in?

3. Asteya translates to non-stealing. This yama is broken down into misappropriation, breach of trust, mismanagement, and misuse. Non-stealing does not only mean not taking something that doesn’t belong to you without the owner’s permission; it also means not using something for a different purpose than intended or for a longer period of time than intended. Iyengar explains in Light on Yoga (link at the bottom of this post): “The desire to possess and enjoy what another has, drives a person to do evil deeds. From this desire spring the urge to steal and the urge to covet.” Iyengar believes that a yogi should reduce his physical needs to the bare minimum, because if he has too many things that he doesn’t actually need, in a way he is a thief. A yogi should also not crave material things, because this makes him weak and can leave him unfocused.

4. Brahmacharya translates to continence. However, Iyengar clarifies that, in modern times, this does not mean a yogi must be celibate. Instead, this means a yogi must practice control of physical sensations, mental fluctuations, and intellectual contemplation. Translation: use your energy wisely. Use your energy to move you further along your path as a yogi. Don’t waste your energy on negative thoughts or materialistic desires; instead, focus your energy on kindness and on practicing to obtain that inner happiness and peace that yoga is helping us achieve.

5. Aparigraha translates to non-coveting. Yogis should live a simple life. Basically, do not hoard. Train your mind to not feel like you are lacking anything. Minimalism is a great practice for yogis, because Iyengar states that everything you really need will come by itself at the right time. So, yogis should be satisfied with whatever they have and whatever comes their way, because that’s the way it’s meant to be. Being satisfied with what you have, rather than chasing down more and more of what you think you need, will lead to peace.

The yamas are considered to be the roots of the tree of yoga, because all other limbs stem from these principles. In order to obey these commandments, it might just take some simple changes to your thinking. But these changes can really affect the peace you feel in your own life. So, why not? Give it a try. Practice these yamas in your life in these next coming weeks. Work on minimizing your violent thoughts toward others and yourself, tell the truth, don’t steal anything including other’s (and your own) time, focus your energy in a positive direction, and practice being satisfied with what you have. Simple, right? See, you’re already on your way to becoming a beautiful, little yogi.

Stay tuned for the next post on the second limb of yoga, the Niyamas. Also, if you have ANY questions at all, please email me at nicol.eliz.yoga@gmail.com. I’d love to hear from you!

Note: my study of this limb of yoga came from Light on Yoga and The Tree of Yoga, both by B.K.S. Iyengar.

What Is A Yogi? (And How Do I Become One)- Part One: What Is Yoga?

What do you picture when you hear the word yogi? Do you picture a “hot” girl decked out in Lululemon, carrying a Starbucks latte and a yoga mat under her arm? Do you picture a girl in a bikini doing handstands on the beach? Do you picture an Indian man in a pose that you could never imagine being able to do? When you hear the word yogi, do you picture yourself?

I wanted to spend a little time talking about what I believe a yogi is, and I want to give you some insight on how to become one. Because most likely, yoga is not what you think it is. Did you know that the yoga you think of, the physical yoga practice, is only one of the eight limbs of yoga? Yes, EIGHT. Yoga is so much more than what meets the westernized eye. So, I’m going to dedicate the next ten blog posts to breaking down the practice of yoga, its eight limbs, and how you (yes, YOU) can become a yogi.

A yogi is defined as someone who follows the path of yoga. So, let’s start at the beginning: What is yoga? The literal meaning of yoga is to bind, to join or to attach. It also means union, and it is most commonly understood as the union of the body with the mind and the mind with the soul. I think it could also apply to several other unions. The union of breath and movement. The union of people in their communities. The union of a person with their environment and their surroundings. Basically, yoga has the power and the means to bring people together and most importantly, to bring you closer to yourself.

How many of you think yoga is just stretching? Or for those of you who have actually practiced yoga, how many of you think it’s a great workout? How many of you think it’s a weird cult-like, hippie religion? Okay, so yoga may include stretching and can be a great workout, but no, it is not a religion. It is a practice. It’s a lifestyle. And it is so much more than stretching and strengthening and burning calories (and if you don’t believe you burn many calories practicing yoga, you haven’t tried Sun Salutations. Hint: more about these later).

Yoga is an ancient tradition dating back 5,000 to 10,000 years ago, developed in Northern India to gain mastery over the mind, the senses and the emotions resulting in spiritual growth. The first time a yoga master brought the practice of yoga to America was thought to be in the late 1800s to the early 1900s. Hatha Yoga, which is a yoga style that is physically based and designed to rejuvenate the body and prolong life, is the style of yoga that is typically practiced in America and was originally developed as a way to prepare one for meditation. Over the past few decades, Hatha Yoga has really begun to gain popularity in America and has kind of taken over as the norm when it comes to yoga style. Unfortunately, most studios here focus solely on the physical practice of yoga, with the occasional breath work and meditation, leaving a lot of us misinformed about what the practice of yoga is truly all about. Of course, there are many yogis in America who understand the full practice of yoga and do everything they can to pass this onto their students. However, the general view of yoga in this country has been limited to the physical practice, especially for those who have never tried it. This is an idea that I hope will shift in time, and I am passionate about shining light on the true practice of yoga and sharing it with as many people as possible.

Although the physical practice of yoga is wonderful and is a powerful source of self-transformation on its own, I think the other aspects of this beautiful practice are just as life-changing, and absolutely worth learning more about and incorporating into our lives. Besides, it’s never (EVER) a bad thing to learn more about the unfamiliar. Being a student is a big part of being a yogi, and that means forever looking for new opportunities to learn and study and grow.

My next few blog posts are going to be dedicated to diving deeper into each of the eight limbs of yoga. These eight limbs are basically guidelines (designed by Patanjali – one of the original and most honored yoga sages, creator of The Yoga Sutras) on how to live a meaningful life and are the basis of a yoga practice.

1. Yamas (universal moral commandments)
2. Niyamas (rules of conduct)
3. Asana (posture/physical practice)
4. Pranayama (breath)
5. Pratyahara (control of the senses)
6. Dharana (concentration/stillness of the mind)
7. Dhyana (meditation)
8. Samadhi (state of super consciousness)

You will learn what each of these limbs entail, how they all connect and support each other, and how to incorporate them into your daily life. These eight limbs are a practice, something you have to keep working on and coming back to over and over again. A practice that you dedicate your life to, in order to become the best possible version of yourself. A practice that is by no means easy, but always worth it. This practice is yoga.

B.K.S Iyengar nailed it when he said:

“As a well cut diamond has many facets, each reflecting a different color of light, so
does the word yoga, each facet reflecting a different shade of meaning and revealing
different aspects of the entire range of human endeavor to win inner peace and
happiness.” (Light on Yoga)

Yoga can give you these things, inner peace and happiness. But it’s a never-ending practice. And there are many ways to get there. Many different aspects to consider. And yoga for one person may look completely different for the next person. So, it requires an open mind, an open heart, creativity, and a willingness to practice self-love. Because yoga and self-love and creativity are all one in the same. And anyone, even you, can become a yogi. So, the next time you hear the word yogi, I want you to picture yourself.

This Is Love

As a young girl, she gave boys too much of her. More than they asked for. More than they deserved. It’s not even that she was trying to be the girl they wanted her to be and she was giving them what she thought they wanted. She was just herself. Completely and vulnerably herself. And she gave them every bit of that.

She wanted them to see that she was different. She wasn’t like all the other girls. She was as deep as an ocean. She was passionate. An old soul. Fun, yet soulful. Silly, yet intellectual. Beautiful. It would work for awhile. They would have great conversations. Have some laughs. But the thing is, the boys always ended up picking other girls over her. Girls that were just like the rest of them.

She gave these boys all of her, and they turned away and went, instead, for girls with less soul. These boys never asked for her, but she gave them everything anyway. And silly girl, she thought it was love. And this “love” always left her feeling that maybe she’s not as special as she thought. Maybe she wasn’t enough. Maybe she should be different. That is until she met the only boy who’s ever come to her and asked her gently, and sweetly, to give her whole self to him. He wanted to see more. He wanted all of her. And he wanted to treasure it. He wanted to keep it.

She’s been told she was beautiful her entire life. But he was the first one to make her believe it. He was the first to make her feel it. He made her feel special for being who she was when no one was looking. The parts of herself she was most self-conscious about? Those were the parts he loved the most. And the parts of herself that she was most proud of? He loved those, too. And encouraged every dream that she had. She wasn’t looking for his love. Wasn’t expecting it. But there he was, standing in front of her, offering his heart. No matter the questions she had and the doubt she felt, he knew that he needed her. And that she needed him. He knew that they were supposed to be together. He just knew, with a certainty that took her breath away.

It wasn’t complicated; he was playing no games. He promised to be patient and to never give up. Because he saw something that she just couldn’t yet see. But eventually she realized, that this… this friendship, this closeness, this comfortability, these deep conversations, these confessions of dreams, this laughter… This was love. He wanted her. The vulnerable, fun, emotional, soulful, silly, intellectual, passionate, beautiful her. He wanted her heart. He wanted her soul, and he was sweet enough to ask for it. And, thankfully, she was smart enough to give it to him. To give him everything. All of herself. Because now, they share a life. A heart. A soul. Because now, she knows that she is enough. Just as she is. This…. This is love.